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Minnesota Taxes

Sound state tax policy decisions can contribute to a more equitable state economy and ensure that there are enough resources to sustainably fund schools, health care, vibrant communities, and other building blocks of a durable prosperity that includes all Minnesotans, regardless of who they are or where they live.

Minnesota Taxes and Tax Plans Research

May 2024

Advance periodic payments would make the Minnesota Child Tax Credit fit even better into family budgets

While 15 states have some form of state Child Tax Credit, Minnesota could be the first to implement a new way for families to get their Child Tax Credit: advance periodic payments. Advance periodic payments would get money in the pockets of Minnesota families sooner and more frequently during the year so they can better afford their daily lives. The 2023 tax bill allows for creation of a process for Minnesota families to choose to receive a portion of their Child Tax Credit in advance through multiple payments, instead of waiting to receive the full amount after they have filed their state income taxes. This brief covers how the advance payment process could work, its design principles, challenges, and policy responses. 

January 2024

Minnesota's policy choices move it toward the top for tax fairness in 50-state study

In an era of income inequality and growing concentration of wealth, a new 50-state study analyzes whether state tax sys...

May 2023

A Minnesota Child Tax Credit would unleash the power of the tax code to fight child poverty

Minnesota should join a growing number of states that have created Child Tax Credits, building on the remarkable success of the expanded federal Child Tax Credit in reducing child poverty and material hardship among families.

February 2023

Who Receives the Renters' Credit? (TY 2019)

By providing property tax refunds to qualifying households, Minnesota helps bring down one of the costs of housing and creates a more equitable tax system. This issue brief provides data on the impact of the Renters’ Credit in each Minnesota county and for the state as a whole.

Minnesota Taxes Blog Posts

May 13, 2024

Child Tax Credit and tax-filing improvements in play in final 2024 tax negotiations

Minnesota policymakers could be less than two weeks away from enacting into law innovations and improvements in the Child Tax Credit and Minnesotans’ tax-filing experience. Here's a closer look at the issues we are watching and how they are treated in Walz’s tax plan, the House tax bill, and Senate tax bill. Tax negotiators will need to reach agreement and pass final tax legislation before the legislative session ends on May 20.

May 03, 2024

Direct File could save Minnesotans time and money when filing income taxes

Paying taxes is how we come together to fund public services that Minnesotans value and count on, but with our current system, the majority of folks pay to meet their tax-filing responsibilities. Direct File is a free online tool to file and prepare income taxes, and Minnesota can build on positive federal progress on making this option available. Read our blog to learn about how a Direct File system would benefit Minnesotans by saving time, money, and improving access to tax credits.

April 03, 2024

Joint state budget targets set for 2024 Legislative Session

Governor Tim Walz reached an agreement with House Speaker Melissa Hortman and Senate Majority Leader Erin Murphy on budget targets on March 22. The agreement outlines targets of $478 million in net general budget changes, including increased spending or reduced revenues, for FY 2024-25 and $63 million for FY 2026-27. The joint budget targets also set the parameters for final budget negotiations between the House, Senate, and the governor.

March 26, 2024

Governor Walz’s supplemental budget proposal lays out his priorities

Governor Tim Walz released his governor’s supplemental budget proposal. The administration described the priorities for his budget as safe communities, clean drinking water, and support for children and families. At the Minnesota Budget Project, we were thrilled that one of our top priorities was included in the governor’s supplemental budget: resources to implement advance periodic payments of the Child Tax Credit. In total, Walz proposed $200 million in net general fund spending increases and revenue reductions in FY 2024-25 and $27 million in FY 2026-27.

Tax Credits for Workers and Families Research

May 2024

Advance periodic payments would make the Minnesota Child Tax Credit fit even better into family budgets

While 15 states have some form of state Child Tax Credit, Minnesota could be the first to implement a new way for families to get their Child Tax Credit: advance periodic payments. Advance periodic payments would get money in the pockets of Minnesota families sooner and more frequently during the year so they can better afford their daily lives. The 2023 tax bill allows for creation of a process for Minnesota families to choose to receive a portion of their Child Tax Credit in advance through multiple payments, instead of waiting to receive the full amount after they have filed their state income taxes. This brief covers how the advance payment process could work, its design principles, challenges, and policy responses. 

January 2024

Who receives the Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit?

This brief takes a look at Minnesota’s Child and Dependent Care Tax Credit, which is one part of a spectrum of state investments to bring down the cost of child care, which also includes child care assistance, early learning scholarships, Head Start, and pre-K. The full version of this brief includes a table with data specific to each Minnesota county and the state as a whole.

January 2024

Who receives the Working Family Credit?

Minnesota's Working Family Tax Credit encourages and supports work, makes the tax system more equitable, and helps working people across the state to meet their basic needs and get their kids off to a strong start. This brief includes county-level information about the Working Family Credit.

January 2024

Who receives the Renters' Credit?

Minnesota's property tax refund for renters, or Renters' Credit, helps bring down one of the costs of housing and creates a more equitable tax system. This issue brief includes information about the Renters' Credit for each county and for the state as a whole.

Issues